Names of Earliest Settlers on this Map
This map depicts the locations of the first settlers to Essex County, viz: Dangerfield, Layton, Payne, Garnet, Smith, Lowry, Young, Hill and Bowler. Tappahannock was a large community of these settlers. Henry Aubrey established his plantation on Hodgkins Creek (later Hoskins Creek) where he raised hogs, cattle and sheep. Upon his death in 1694, he left much of the cattle to servants, and 700 acres to his son, Richard Aubrey on Hodgkins Creek. He lived the typical life of a planter in Essex County, of feather beds, fine linen and a silver tankard which he bequeathed to his wife. Also, there were orchard buildings to accommodate fruit crops.
The images of the earliest wills are available to members of Virginia Pioneers Also, the Wills and Estates probated from 1692 to 1695 were the following first settlers: Henry Awbrey, Elizabeth Browne, Thomas Cooper, Richard Holt, Martin Johnson, John Jones, Thomas Pettit, Griffin Roberts, John Smith, John Waters and Thomas Williamson. More Wills and Estates were recently added dating from 1717 to 1721; 1722 to 1730.
Hoskins Creek in Tappahannock
Tappahannock, the county seat, is the oldest town in Essex County, Virginia and is situated on the Rappahannock River. An interestint aspect of tracing ancestors is to locate and visit the actual site of old homes and beginnings. As we study the deed records, we can just about pinpoint the old home sites. This is important because it provides a grasp of the history of the area and the people who settled there. Reading the old wills and inventories of the county discloses facits of a shared farm economy which helped to feed the earliest settlers, as well as details of everyday living and possessions.
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No, Prince Charles will not be Charles II: Rather Charles III
Charles I Charles II Charles III, Prince of Wales
Charles I of England ruled during the early formation of the American colonies. He was born in Fife on 19 November 1600, the second son of James VI of Scotland (and James I of England) and Anne of Denmark and became heir to the throne of England upon the death of his brother, Prince Henry in 1612. His 1625 succession was as the second Stuart King of Great Britain. Because of the controversy during his reign and the time that Jamestown colonists were sending their first Burgesses to London to settle matters of tobacco tax, the king was not convening Parliament. However, as he engaged in wars with France and Spain and sent the Duke of Buckingham to France to gain political influence and military power, the intense dislike for this duke brought about his impeachment in 1628. Charles was compelled to recall Parliament during April of 1640 to request funds for war against the Scots, and again in November. During the reign of Charles I, the colonies suffered a massacre near Jamestown (1622/3) which killed most of the white population.
Charles II assumed the throne of England in 1630 after the execution of his father (Charles I) at Whitehall on 30 January 1649. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the "English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth," and the country was a de facto republic led by Oliver Cromwell. In 1651, Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Thus, Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland while Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands. Upon the death of Cromwell in 1658, a political crisis ensued which resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After the year of 1660, all legal documents were dated as though he had succeeded his father as king in 1649. Ultimately, his reign was successful and he was a popular and beloved King. Virginians fared better under Charles II, despite English traderegulations and taxes imposed upon the colonists.
Thus, Prince Charles of Wales will assume the title of Charles III after the death of Queen Elizabeth.
17th Century Ceremonies: The Reason for Sudden Remarriages
The loss of a spouse prompted a re-marriage. Instances of persons having been married three times was not unusual. Because there were few women in the colony, as soon as the funeral celebration commenced, prospective suitors needing wives plotted their courtship. Gifts were made to the daughters in the form of land. It was customary for him to insert in the deed conveying the gift, a clause providing for what should be done with the gift in the event she should become a wife before she reached her sixteenth year. Women who had not yet passed their twelfth year were considered immature. Most women were married at such an immature age that they became broken in health, and after bearing from ten to twelve children, died, leaving their husbands to marry again and surround himself with a second brood. Often, a very young wife was left widowed for several years, and if endowed with beauty, charm or a fine plantation, she soon consoled herself by marrying a second or third time. So great was the haste in some instances that the second husband was granted the probate of the will of the first. In 1696, Rev. James Boulware of Essex County obtained a judgment against Edward Danneline for fees which were due him, not only for having performed the marriage service of Mr. and Mrs. Danneline, but also for having preached the funeral sermon of John Smith, the first husband of Mrs. Danneline. Source: Essex County Records, Orders, 11 June 1696.
Traced genealogies and family histories of Essex County available to Members !
Essex County, Virginia Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages
Essex County was created in 1692 from Rappahannock County and was probably named after the Earl of Essex. Henry Awbry and William Moseley were appointed by the justices of Essex in 1693 to select a site for the new court-house rendered necessary by the recent creation of the county. They were empowered to purchase the spot which should be chosen by them. The construction was commenced in December of 1693 and the first meeting was held during the October term of court. In the levy for November, nine thousand pounds of tobacco were allowed the contractor, Daniel Deskin but until the court-house was finished, the amount was to remain in the hands of the sheriff. Essex had previously formed a part of Rappahannock County, and what was known as the southside court-house had stood within its confines. Deskin was permitted to take all the material from the old building which he thought would be serviceable in the construction of the new; and after it was completed and paid for, he was placed in permanent charge. Source: Rappahannock County Orders, Nov. 6, 1684; May 7, 1685; April 1, 1691; vol. 1686-1692, orig. p. 58.
Essex County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to members of Virginia Pioneers
Passenger Ship Lists
- 1764 Passenger List of Charming Molly to Essex County
Indexes to Probate Records
- Marriages to 1699
New Acquisitions: Images of Wills and Estates
- Wills and Deeds 1695 to 1699
- Deeds and Wills 1717 to 1721
- Wills, Deeds, Bonds 1722 to 1730
- Wills 1775 to 1785
- Wills 1786 to 1792
Wills & Estates (transcriptions)
- Images of Orders, Deeds, Wills 1692 to 1695 (with index)
- Wills and Estates 1695 to 1699
- Wills and Estates 1717 to 1720
- Wills and Estates 1722 to 1730
Clements, John (1766) | Fisher, Benjamin | Gatewood, Patience | Hudson, Henry | Hutchins, Richard (1710) | Northam, William | Pagett, Henry | Pagett, John | Ramsey, Thomas | Reeves, Henry | Reeves, Joseph | Smith, Rebecca | Smith, Susannah (1766) | Taliaferro, Zachariah | Thomas, William | Willard, Martin
Miscellaneous Digital Images of Wills
Digital Images of Wills 1775 to 1785
- Dobyn, William (1730)
- Shippy, James (1730)
Testators: Allen, Henry ;Allen, Samuel ;Andrews, Thomas ;Atkinson, James ;Bailey, David ;Ball, Austin ;Ball, John Sr. ;Banks, James ;Barnett, Margaret ;Beasley, John ;Birwell, Elizabeth ;Bond, William ;Booker, Ann ;Boughan, John ;Boulware, Elizabeth ;Boulware, Margaret ;Boyes, William ;Breedlove, Alaman ;Brizendine, Elizabeth; Brizendine, John ;Brooke, Robin ;Brooke, Richard ;Brooke, Robert ;Broocke, Thomas ;Broocke, William ;Burnett, Leonard ;Bynum, John ;Canaday, James ;Cawthorn, Henry ; Cheaney, Philip ;Clark, Susanna ;Clements, Pitman ;Clowdar, John ;Coates, Mary ;Coates, Samuel ;Cole, William ;Covington, Luke; Croxton, John ;Crutcher, Henry ;Daniel, Oliver; Davis, William ; Dennett, Thomas; Dickinson, John ;Dobbins, John ;Dunn, Benjamin ; Dunn, James ;Dunn, Philip ;Dunn, William ;Edmondson, Benjamin; Edmondson, James ;Edmondston, Leah ;Emerson, James ;Farguson, Titus ;Faver, Theophilus ;Fogg, Thomas ;Ford, Daniel ;Foreacres, John; Garnett, James ;Gatewood, William ;Greensteed, Thomas; Hawkins, Birkenhead; Hawkins, Levin ;Hawkins, William ;Hill, John; Hill, Leonard ;Hill, Richard ;Howerton, John ;Howerton, William; Hunley, Richard ;Jones, James ;Kertchwall, John ;Lane, John ;Lee, John ;Livingston, John ;Longert, Timothy ;Lumpkin, Mary ;Mann, Joseph ;Martin, Hannah ;Meador, Reuben ;Medley, John ;Minter, Joseph ;Monday, Stephen ;Montague, Abraham ;Montague, William; Moody, George ;Moore, Augustine ;Munday, James ;Newbill, Thomas ;Noell, Martha ;Noell, Milley ;Noell, Sarah ;Parron, Thomas ;Peachey, Samuel ;Perkins, Henry ;Piles, Samuel ;Pitts, David ;Reeves, Joseph ;Ritchie, Archibald ;Roane, William ;Roane, William, Colonel, his mill ;Rowzee, John; Roy, James ;Sale, Cornelius ;Sale, James; Sale, Leonard ;Saterwhite, John ;Saunders, Alexander ;Shepherd, Ephraim ;Short, Elizabeth ;Smith, John ;Smith, Thomas; Smith, William; Smithers, William ;Southern, William ;Spearman, Susanna ;St. John, Thomas ;Stodghill, James ; Street, Henry ;Townley, James ;Trennold, Robert; Tribe, Mary ; Vawter, Angus ;Vawter, Edward ;Waring, Henry ;Watson, Henry; ebb, Thomas; Williamson, James ;Wilson, Hugh; Wright, Elizabeth ; Young, William
Digital Images of Wills 1786 to 1792
Testators:Ayres, William ;Baker, John ;Bomer, Alexander ; Boughton, James ;Boughton, Mary ;Boulware, Thomas ; Boulware, Younger ;Breedlove, Nathan ; Brooke, Robert ; Brown, Richard ; Browne, Bennett ; Burke, John ; Byrom, Frank ; Campbell, Hugh ; Carnal, John ; Cauthorn, Vincent; Chamberlain, John ; Clark, Robert ; Cloudas, John ; Coghill, Thomas ; Cooper, James ; Corrie, John ; Denholm, Alexander; Dix, Thomas ; Dunn, John ; Dyke, Mary; Edmondson, James; Faver, Thomas ; Fogg, Joseph ; Faulconer, Nicholas; Fureman, Mary ; Garnett, Ann ; Garnett, Austin; Gatewood, Joseph; Goulding, Simon ; Gray, William ; Greenstead, Samuel; Greenwood, William; Hawes, Isaac ; Hawes, Samuel; Hawkins, Thomas; Herchwall, Dolly ; Hinshaw, John ; Hudson, Thomas; Jones, William ; Jordan, Isaac ; Lindsay, Cald ; Loyde, John ; Miller, Simon; Minter, Josiah; Mitchell, Isaac; Montague, Richard; Noell, James ; Noell, Richard; Ramsay, Betty ; Richardson, John; Rodden, John ; Rouzee, Edward; Rouzee, Richard ; Rust, Benjamin ; Sale, Thomas ; Sparkes, John ; Street, Katherin; Thomas, William; Townley, John ; Watkins, William; Webb, Lillian ; Webb, Mary ; Williamson, John; Yarrington, John ; Young, Mary
- 1704 Quit Rent Rolls
- Passenger List of Ship Charming Molly of 1765
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