What is a Tobacco House?
One of the earliest records in the region was that of William Maddox whose 1801 estate listed 100 acres of land adjoining Michael Maddox, William Watt and John Stewart. In 1870, Robert M. Bransford owned a tobacco house and land on Cut Bank Road. The house would have either been a shed or barn, where tobacco was stored. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, tobacco was the principal cash crop of the Virginia Colony, as well as the Carolinas. Large tobacco warehouses filled the areas near the wharves of new, thriving towns such as Dumfries on the Potomac, Richmond and Manchester at the fall line on the James River, and Petersburg on the Appomattox. After the Revolutionary War and the migration of families into the westward regions, the crop continued to be widely grown.
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Ladies and Gentlemen of More Glamorous Times
Gentlemen, such as those in Williamsburg, when properly dressed, wore three-cornered cocked hats, long velvet coats, embroidered silk waistcoats with flaps weighted with lead, breeches coming only to the knees, long silk stockings, and pointed shoes adorned with large silver buckles. Stately men wore their hair powdered, a long queue hanging down the back, where it was tied with a black ribbon. The clothing was often enriched with gold and silver lace, and glittering buttons. A mass of lace ruffles adorned the wrists and flowed over the hands. The street cloak glistened with gold lace, while a gold-headed cane and a gold snuff-box confirmed the wearer's title to rank as a gentleman. Ladies of wealth wore rich heavy silk over stiff hoops, and towering hats adorned with tall feathers, with hair massed and powdered as if with snowflakes. When she slept at night, in order to preserve a hairstyle which had taken hours to implement, her neck slept on a wooden bolster. The fashions of high life were very exacting and precise for those who resided in fine city homes with heavy, rich furniture imported from England, the massive silver plate of the tables, and the choice wines. The forms of address, too, showed the social rank. The terms "lady" and "gentleman" were applied only to persons of recognized standing. Genealogists note such distinctions in colonial deed records, or the term "esquire".; The title of "Mr." was conferred only upon ministers and the officers of the law, and upon their sons if college bred. An examination of old colonial graveyards denotes the wife title as "consort", which means that her husband was prominent in society. Plantation owners out in the country dressed less formally, but always wore a peruke wig, except in the early morning when he went out with his overseer to review the workload, he wore a turbin.
Every Smidget of Information will Eventually Compute
The genealogy detective writes down every smidget of information, no matter how insignificant it appears at the time. Specifically, all names on deed records, estates, marriages, immigration records and so forth. Once in the American colonies, people moved around searching for fertile soil. They could apply for land patents and grants, and this is always an excellent source. Did you remember to match the acreage of the patent, grant or bounty land with that in the tax records where your ancestor resided? The tax records seem unimportant, however, this is true reporting of assets owned and usually listed the amount of acreage as well as its location. From year to year, the acreage could be different, as the owner passed his land to his children. For better understanding of what was transpiring, look for odd amounts of land owned by everyone with the same surname, and do a mathematical chart on who owned what from one year to the next. If John Doe declared 404 acres of land, and later only 200 acres was reported, then another Doe person might show 204 acres. That would be a relative, probably a son. Moreover, such details help to establish kin ships and a better knowledge of the family. Old plats are helpful because they ascertain land districts, sections and lots as well as the lay of the land in conjunction with local streams, rivers, and the names of neighbors. Details might seem minor at the time, but they help solidify the lineage as the work progresses. The amount of acreage included in bounties, such as revolutionary war pensions, were specific to the length of time during which the soldier served. Another interesting detail, because now one can examine the name of the General or Colonel who signed the certificate awarding the bounty and follow that commanders war activities. In other words, now you have the details of the battles where your ancestor fought. It is the details of genealogical discoveries which piece together a unique history, true to the facts and more accurate even than what one reads in the history books.
Do the Magic Centipede
Buckingham County Genealogy, Wills and Estates
Buckingham County appears to have been named after the Duke of Buckingham in Buckinghamshire, England and was established on May 1, 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County. In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845, another part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860 and Buckingham's borders then became fixed in their current form. Thomas Jefferson was the architect of the court house which was destroyed by fire in 1869. Most of the records were lost. The wills which are listed here survived and were digitized for the convenience of the genealogist.
Records available to Members of Virginia Pioneers
Images of Wills 1869 to 1903
- Harris, Francis, LWT, transcript | Jones, Edward (abstract from burned records)| Maddox, William, LWT, transcript | Moon, Guardians (abstract from burned records) | Watkins, Elizabeth (abstract of estate) | Watkins, Joel (abstract of estate)| Watkins, John (abstract of estate)| Watkins, Silas (abstract of estate)
- Abraham, Sallie | Agee, Aron | Agee, Mary | Agee, Susan | Agee, Thomas Mosley | Aldridge, Mark | Allen, John | Amos, Nat | Appling, Lucy | Austin, S. E. | Austin, Thomas | Ayres, R. H. | Ayres, Thomas E. | Baber, Edward | Baber, Virginia | Bagby, Fleming | Bagby, James | Bailey, V. R. | Ball, Virginia | Banton, Charles M. | Banton, Lewis | Bell, Ned | Boatwright, Nancy | Boatwright, William P. | Bocock, N. T. | Bondurant, Thomas M. | Booker, George | Booker, Sarah D. | Bolling, Lewes | Bradley, John | Bransford, Robert | Brown, John W. | Brown, Joseph | Brown, Matthew W. | Bryant, Henry | Cabell, Clifford | Cabell, Frederick | Cabell, William | Carroll, Maria | Chambers, George | Chambers, Mary M. | Chappell, William H. | Chenault, Martha | Christian, Charles L. | Claiborne, Field Archer | Clark, Sterling | Clay, Junius | Cottrell, Charles | Cox, Matthew | Crow, Susan W. | Crute, J. V. | Davidson, Baker W. | Davidson, Permelia | Davidson, Thomas J. | Davis, Lucine | Davis, Phineas A. | Davison, Martha | Demerant, Maria | Dixon, William | Dowdy, N. R. | Driscoll, Sarah Ann | Dunn, William A. | Edwards, John W. | Eldridge, Eliza | Ellis, Richard S. Jr. | Fariss, Thomas | Farley, Sarah | Ferguson, James | Fisher, John | Fitzgerald, James | Flood, James Monroe | Fones, Adocia | Fones, George W. | Fontaine, Margaret | Fontaine, Walter | Forbes, Thomas | Fuqua, Joseph | Gaines, William R. | Gannaway, Mary | Gardner, John B. | Garrett, James | Garrett, John | Garrett, Mildred | Garrott, Charles | Gentry, John | Gillispie, Robert | Gillispie, Sarah | Gilliam, Albert | Gilliam Isham | Gilliam, John C. | Gilliam, John R. | Gilliam, Richard A. | Gills, Archibald | Gills, William | Gipson, Miles | Gipson, T. L. | Goolsby, Susan | Gregory, John | Grigg, James H. | Guerrant, William | Guthrey, Martha | Hall, James | Hammontree, Alexander | Hammontree, Judith | Hanes, Elijah | Hanes, Mary | Harris, Dabney | Harris, James | Harris, Nancy | Harris, Sarah | Hill, Martha A. | Hill, Robert W. | Hill Robert W., his Bear Garden Farm (plat) | Holman, William | Horsley, Mary | Housewright, Elizabeth | Hubard, Bolling | Hubard, Robert | Huddlesstone, Samuel | Huddleston, William | Hudgins, R. B. | Hurt, Louisa | Irving, Delia | Johnson, Robert H. | Jones, A. B. | Jones, Charles | Jones, Elizabeth W. | Jones, Martha | Jones, Paulus | Jones, Peter R. | Jones, Powhatan | Jones, William B. | Kidd, Samuel | Kyle, George W. | Lawford, Thomas Wright | Leitch, Martha | Leitch, William | Lesueur, Daniel | Lesueur, Elizabeth | Leseueur, Martha | Lesueur, Peyton | Mason, Henry | Mason, Virginia | Mayo, Leana | Maxey, William | Clelland, Mary | Meador, James | Meredith, Pleasant | Miles, William | Miller, Catherine | Molley, Jane | Moon, John S. | Moore, Robert A. | Moore, Robert | Morley, Rebecca | Morgan, John | Morris, Nathaniel | Morris, Sophia | Moseley, Arthur | Moseley, Lavinia | Moseley, Marcia | Moseley, Peter | Moseley, Sally | Moseley, William | Moss, Francis Coleman | Moss, Stephen | Murphy, James | Neighbours, Abraham | Neister, Gillis | Newman, Pattie | Nicholas, Elizabeth | Nicholas, John S. | Nicholas, Nancy | Nicholas, William H. | Nicholas, William Thompson | Nixon, Wilmuth | Nuckols, Charles G. | Nuckols, R. C. | O'Briant, Polly | O'Bryant, Francis | Parrack, David | Parrack, Thomas | Patterson, John | Pearce, Martha | Penow, Charles | Perkins, K. M. | Perkins, Price | Perkins, Thomas H. | Perkins, William | Perrow, Charles Sr. | Phelps, Elizabeth | Pierce, Elizabeth | Poor, Abraham | Pritchard, Humphrey | Pryor, Elizabeth | Putney, Ellis | Putney, W. A. | Ragland, David | Reynolds, Frances | Roberts, John J. | Roberts, William H. | Robertson, Mary | Robertson, Rachel | Routon, Eliza | Sagory, Charles | Sanders, Goodrich | Saunders, C. S. | Saunders, Elizabeth | Scruggs, Thomas | Scruggs, William | Seay, Henry | Shaw, William R. | Shepherd, George | Sheppard, John | Smith, Eliza J. | Smith, Joshua | Snoddy, James | Snoddy, Mary | Spencer, John | Sprouse, Elizabeth | Staton, J. N. | Stearns, Franklin | Stinson, Joseph | Stout, Benjamin | Talley, Bella Nicholas | Talley, John Winne | Tappicott, John | Tappicott, Thomas | Taylor, Adocia | Taylor, James | Thomas, John | Thornhill, Sarah | Tindall, John W. | Trent, Alexander | Vin, Martha | Wilkinson, Francis | Wilkinson, Lucy | Williams, John | Woodall, Agnes | Woodall, Mildred | Woodfin, Mary | Wright, F. A. | Wright, James A.
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