Turpin Estates Unfairly Seized after Revolutionary War
At Salisbury, fourteen miles from Richmond, is the farmhouse which Patrick Henry rented for his family in 1784 when he was the Governor of Virginia. His landlord sold the property to Dr. Philip Turpin, a graduate in medicine and surgery of Edinburgh University. During the Revolutionary War, Dr. Turpin was taken prisoner by the British and kept as ship surgeon aboard one of their war vessels. Thus, Turpin was in Yorktown at the time of the surrender. For this reason his countrymen believed that he was a Tory until some officers onboard the vessel testified that he had been no willing prisoner. Other friends vouched for his patriotism to assist in the release of his confiscated estates. But it was largely upon the testimony of Thomas Jefferson that it was released. Source: Historic Houses of Early America by Lathrop.
Code of the 17th Century Gentleman
There were several wealthy and prominent business men in the colony, viz: Lawrence Evans, John Chew, Thomas Stegg, George Ludlow and Thomas Burbage. Since many of the factors representing planters proved themselves to be untrue, numerous suits arose in consequence of their defalcations. Boards of Arbitration were often appointed by the General Court and arbitrators were appointed in the case of Lawrence Evans in 1638. Business was transacted on a basis of credit, whether the residence was Virginia or England, but much of this debt was impossible to collect. The planter, after having nurtured and picked his crop, was always subject to such a danger. In those days, a gentleman could be trusted and his word was his bond. Thus, it seems that those who had left England to find prosperity in the American colonies, maintained class distinctions for very sound reasons. In England, one identified himself by his dress and titles. This practice also became a tradition of the colonials. Those planters who shirked their debts found refuge from their creditors in Maryland.
Source: British State Papers, Colonial, vol. X, Nos. 15, I, II, III; Records of General Court, p. 61
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Those Who Gave So Much for Freedom
The name of Reverend William Johnson of Albemarle County was listed among the signers of a petition to the Virginia Convention asking for Independence from England. The first Virginia Conventions were a series of five self-governing political meetings administering the legislative, executive and judicial functions of government. The House of Burgesses had been dissolved in 1774 by Royal Governor Lord Dunmore, and so the conventions served as a revolutionary provisional government until the Fifth Virginia Convention established a republic for the Commonwealth of Virginia in its Constitution of May 1776. Later, in Bedford County he appeared in Court on April 22, 1782 and proved that he had furnished the Convention with 396 pds. of beef for which he was allowed 10 pds. 5 shillings. After the war, he went to Tennessee where he died.
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Albemarle County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages
Albemarle County was established 1744 from Goochland County. The county seat is Charlottesville. The county was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle and titular Governor of Virginia at the time. In 1761 the county was divided to form Buckingham and Amherst counties, at which time the county seat was moved from the formerly-central Scottsville to Charlottesville.
Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to Members of Virginia Pioneers
Indexes to Probate Records
- Marriages 1780 to 1868
- Marriage Register Index 1854 to 1893
Images of Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Inventories, etc. 1748 to 1752
- Wills 1748 to 1752
- Deeds 1748 to 1752
- Wills, Estates, Appraisements 1752 to 1785Testators: Abney, Abner;Allen, William Hunt; Arrington, William;Baber, Robert;Ballon, William, inventory; Brock, George;Bruce, John;Burke, Charles, estate;Cannon, William, inventory;Christian, Robert;Dameron, Lazarus; Dameron, Richard;Duncan, Martin, inventory;Finley, Margaret; Franklin, Benjamin;Gains, Bernard, inventory;Gorden, John, estate;Hamilton, inventory;Hamilton, Henry, inventory; Hamner, Robert;Lifely, Mary; Lynch, Charles; Mahoney, James, inventory; Maxwell, Edward, inventory; Morrell, William; Osborne, Arthur, appraisement; Osborne, Arthur; Phelps, Thomas; Phelps, William; Reid, Andrew;Robertson, James;Rose, Robert; Shehornes, John Darby;Spurlock, William;Sublet, James; Tuley, John;Webb, Wentworth, inventory and Williamson, James, inventory.
Images of Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Inventories, etc. 1752 to 1785
Names of Testators not provided due to space.